Bronze Age

The Bronze Age can be traced between 2200 and 750 BC. The subdivision of this period can be further carried out into ‘the earlier phase’, which stretches from 2300 BC to 1200 BC, and ‘the later phase’, stretching from 1200 BC to 700 BC. In 2700 BC, ‘Beaker Culture’ was adopted by Britain. The pottery of this period was well known. Stonehenge’s megalithic phases remind one of this period. Beaker techniques are said to belong to Iberia, which refer to Portugal and Spain of today. The art of refining of metal was brought by Beaker techniques to Britain. Copper was the first metal used for refining. However, later, as the demand for durability increased, people started looking out for the metal which would boast of being harder than copper. In around 2150 BC, one such metallic alloy came into being. It was named ‘bronze’. This alloy consisted of mixture of copper and tin.

Effect of Bronze Age

This discovery marked the arrival of Bronze Age in Britain. Later, at least for next few years, bronze replaced stone in such a way that most of the weapons and tools came to be made from bronze. Devon and Cornwall were the areas where tin was found in abundance. These areas are now known as southwest England. Mining of tin began from that time onwards. In around 1600 BC, southwestern area of Britain experienced a substantial boom in terms of trade as tin started getting exported across the whole of Europe. This was evident from the ports found at Mount batten and Bantham in southern Devon. Mining of copper used to take place at the Great Orme. It was situated in North Wales.

Other skills

People belonging to the Beaker culture had gained expertise in making gold ornaments as well. This thing can be exemplified from the ornaments been found on tombs of the prosperous Wessex culture of Britain’s central southern area. Earlier, British belonging to Bronze Age used to bury their dead underneath the mounds of earth called ‘barrows’. The body used to have a beaker along its side. Later, the practice of cremating the dead bodies started. This was evident from the cemeteries appearing in archaeological record. Metal objects like daggers were deposited on the cemeteries. Many world famous prehistoric sites were built by people belonging to this period. They include Stonehenge’s later phases with Seahenge.


The houses of these people were circular. The landscape used to be divided. Stone rows were worth watching. Dartmoor was one of them. Their diet included birds, shellfish, deer, pigs, sheep, and cattle. Salt used to be manufactured by them. Wheat was the staple food of these people. It used to be cultivated by them in plenty. As per Pytheas theory, the Lindow man used to be ritually killed to offer the God. This offering would go to holes and wetlands in the earth.

It has been said that the Beaker culture was disrupted by some invaders in around 1200 BC. As per certain scholars, this period marked the beginning of Celtic culture in Britain. However, this is still an issue of debate.

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